It seems apparent that the author is using these expressions interchangeably, but why the change? Here is a suggestion for you to consider. For there is no distinction, 23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God. This was to demonstrate his righteousness, because God in his forbearance had passed over the sins previously committed.
It is not surprising, then, for the author of Hebrews to speak of the Old Testament revelation the law as bringing condemnation and the New Testament as bringing salvation. This is consistent with the teaching of the New Testament:. The consequences are serious, but not the loss of salvation. That will come shortly, but first we must look at the rest of our text.
It was first communicated through the Lord and was confirmed to us by those who heard him, 4 while God confirmed their witness with signs and wonders and various miracles and gifts of the Holy Spirit distributed according to his will Hebrews b But we did not hear Jesus directly. The Scriptures have been passed down to us. So how do we know that these Scriptures are reliable? The question before us is whether we have an accurate account of what our Lord the Son revealed to us.
This is not a merely hypothetical discussion. Most all of the religions of the world have some kind of scripture on which they base their belief and practice. The Muslims would acknowledge Jesus as a prophet and His words as inspired, yet they believe that these words have been corrupted, so that they are not reliable.
For he will not speak on his own authority, but will speak whatever he hears, and will tell you what is to come. We saw his glory — the glory of the one and only, full of grace and truth, who came from the Father. The only one, himself God, who is in closest fellowship with the Father, has made God known John You do well if you pay attention to this as you would to a light shining in a murky place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts. The author does not claim to have heard Jesus directly, so how can he know with certainty that what he has heard from those who did hear it from Jesus is accurate, inerrant, and fully authoritative?
God confirmed the words of these men, not unlike He did the words of our Lord. For which one of them are you going to stone me? The proceeds were distributed to each, as anyone had need Acts Here is a point where Christians tend to disagree. Some believe that God still validates the witness of Christians through signs and wonders and miracles. Others believe that such gifts were only for the apostolic period. Personally, I believe that God is free to manifest His power whenever He chooses.
From things I have heard, I believe that when the Word of God comes to a people group for the first time, God may validate the message by miracles. He is not obligated to do so, but I believe that it is a possibility. While God confirmed their witness with signs and wonders and various miracles and gifts of the Holy Spirit distributed according to his will Hebrews Our text has made it abundantly clear that every Christian faces the danger of drifting away from the Lord Jesus, from His Word, and even from fellowship with other believers.
This is not just a danger for unbelievers who have heard the gospel; it is a danger for all who have heard and embraced the good news:. If drifting away is a grave danger for every believer, then it is important for us to be able to recognize when we are drifting. What are some possible symptoms of drifting? Let me suggest a few. I am drifting when. My sense of wonder begins to wane. When we went on vacation this summer, we saw a lot of magnificent scenery, much of which was the mountains on the West Coast.
Mount Rainier or Mount Hood can be looming in the background, and some of the natives seem to have forgotten its beauty and majesty. Likewise, when we read the first verses of Hebrews 1, we are informed of the majesty and splendor of the Son of God, our Savior. Has the wonder that He came down to earth to save us chapter 2 been lost on us? Is this not awesome? If we have lost the wonder of our Savior and His salvation, we are drifting. My awareness of the nearness of God has become ancient history. If the intimacy I once knew and enjoyed is now a faint memory, I am drifting.
I am unaware of the constant, downward pull of the world, the flesh, and the devil.
Hebrews –18 ESV - Therefore we must pay… | Biblia
Prayer, Bible study, witnessing, and going to church are a duty, rather than a delight. Theology ceases to be important to me, or worse yet when it is just an intellectual exercise. My theology is derived more from the fiction section of the library than from the Bible, good commentaries, or books on theology. I know that I am stepping out on a limb here, but I believe this is a very real danger. The recent popularity of the book, The Shack , among Christians is distressing and disturbing. When professing saints say that they have learned more about God from this book than from their Bible or from preaching, something is seriously wrong.
In my opinion, that is drifting. I see this in the carnal Corinthians. I also see this dealt with in Colossians 1 and 2. In Colossians 1, Paul declares the supremacy of Christ. He then goes on to warn us about seeking wisdom that is not according to Christ. Let me end with some final words of exhortation. Being in close proximity to the gospel, or to Christians, does not save you. Listen to these words of our Lord the One to whom the writer to the Hebrews is urging us to pay attention :. Go away from me, all you evildoers!
The time to confess your sins and to trust in Jesus is now.
Hebrews 2 – Jesus, Our Elder Brother
Knowing about Jesus is not enough; you must personally accept the gift of salvation that He offers. As the next verses in Hebrews 2 will inform us, the Son of God humbled Himself by taking on human flesh, thereby identifying with lost sinners so that by His death on the cross at Calvary, He could bear the punishment for our sins, thereby giving us eternal life. And finally, I have a word for true believers. The author of Hebrews has urged us to take the Word of God much more seriously.
But just how do we go about this? Ron Maness, our excellent librarian, recently put a book into my hands entitled, What is a Healthy Church Member? Anyabwile, lists several steps to becoming an expositional listener.
Where are we?
Allow me to pass them along to you along with a recommendation to read his fine book :. May God grant that we beware of drifting away from Christ, and that we pay much closer attention to that which God has revealed to us through His Son, who is vastly higher than the angels. It was completed by more than twenty biblical scholars who worked directly from the best currently available Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek texts.
The translation project originally started as an attempt to provide an electronic version of a modern translation for electronic distribution over the Internet and on CD compact disk. Anyone anywhere in the world with an Internet connection will be able to use and print out the NET Bible without cost for personal study. In addition, anyone who wants to share the Bible with others can print unlimited copies and give them away free to others. It is available on the Internet at: www. Deffinbaugh on August 3, Anyone is at liberty to use this lesson for educational purposes only, with or without credit.
Unfortunately, there is no such indication in the ESV. Personally, I believe the author is warning the reader about the danger of drifting away from Christ rather than only warning about drifting away from the Word of God, though the two are closely related. Hughes also cites this statement by C. Do not most people simply drift away? The author of Hebrews, like most of the New Testament writers, more often quotes from the Septuagint.
See Acts ; ; ; Galatians It would not, however, include the author to the Hebrews. Anyabwile, What is a Healthy Church Member? Wheaton, Illinois: Crossway Books, Questions About the Old Testament Law. Is it okay to involve an unbeliever in church ministry? What Denomination Does Bible. Psalms Of Kindness. Where Are We in Hebrews? There are essentially three major sections, the message of which can be summarized as follows: Exposition: God has spoken through His Son Who is higher than the angels Exhortation: Listen well to what He says!
The Danger of Drifting Hebrews Therefore we must pay closer attention to what we have heard, so that we do not drift away 2 Hebrews Look at those texts in Hebrews in which the author gives us some information about his readers: 1 Therefore, holy brothers and sisters , partners in a heavenly calling , take note of Jesus, the apostle and high priest whom we confess,. But when we get to chapter 12, that is not the case at all: 1 Therefore, since we are surrounded by such a great cloud of witnesses, we must get rid of every weight and the sin that clings so closely, and run with endurance the race set out for us, 2 keeping our eyes fixed on Jesus, the pioneer and perfecter of our faith.
The Consequences of Drifting 2 For if the message spoken through angels proved to be so firm that every violation or disobedience received its just penalty, 3 how will we escape if we neglect such a great salvation?
The law brings condemnation, while Jesus Christ brings salvation: 21 But now apart from the law the righteousness of God which is attested by the law and the prophets has been disclosed — 22 namely, the righteousness of God through the faithfulness of Jesus Christ for all who believe. This is consistent with the teaching of the New Testament: 7 But if the ministry that produced death — carved in letters on stone tablets — came with glory, so that the Israelites could not keep their eyes fixed on the face of Moses because of the glory of his face a glory which was made ineffective , 8 how much more glorious will the ministry of the Spirit be?
Conclusion Our text has made it abundantly clear that every Christian faces the danger of drifting away from the Lord Jesus, from His Word, and even from fellowship with other believers. The Philippian jailer asked Paul, What must I do to be saved? Acts — Paul answered him. To do nothing is to quite enough to be driven by the currents of the world, the flesh, and the devil and to drift away. The anchor will hold us to the truth, while the rudder will guide us by the truth. For if the word spoken through angels proved steadfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just reward, how shall we escape if we neglect so great a salvation, which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed to us by those who heard Him , God also bearing witness both with signs and wonders, with various miracles, and gifts of the Holy Spirit, according to His own will?
The word spoken through angels : This describes the Mosaic Law, which was received…by the direction of angels Acts The idea is that the law was delivered in some way to Moses by the hands of angels. The idea that angels had a role in bringing the Law to Moses is found in Deuteronomy , Acts , and in Galatians Josephus also repeated this idea in his ancient history Antiquities , Proved steadfast : The Mosaic Law was steadfast and strict every transgression and disobedience received a just reward.
It demanded to be taken seriously. How shall we escape : If we must take the word which came by angels seriously, then we must take the word that came by the Son of God even more seriously. The Son is proven to be greater than the angels, so His message should be regarded as greater. A greater word brought by a greater Person having greater promises will bring a greater condemnation if it is neglected.
If we neglect so great a salvation : The ancient Greek word translated neglect is amelesantes , also used in Matthew of those who disregarded the invitation to the marriage supper they made light of it.
It means to have the opportunity , but to ignore or to disregard the opportunity. This was a word to believers , not to those outside the faith. Remember that Hebrews was written not primarily as an evangelistic tract, but as an encouragement and warning to discouraged Christians. It was written to those who neglected an abiding walk with Jesus. So great a salvation : When we consider something great , we will naturally pay attention to it and not neglect it. If we do not consider something great we leave it to convenience rather than to commitment.
Therefore, if we neglect something, we probably do not consider it great. Yet our salvation is great, because:. A reason many neglect their salvation is because they never see it as salvation.
About These Questions
They see it merely as receiving something, not as being rescued from something. Spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed : This word was spoken by Jesus and confirmed by eyewitnesses those who heard Him. Then it was confirmed with signs , wonders , miracles and gifts of the Holy Spirit given by God. Hebrews is one reason some believe the Apostle Paul did not write Hebrews. In other passages, Paul clearly set himself on an equal level with the apostles and other eyewitnesses of Jesus 1 Corinthians and 1 Corinthians God also bearing witness : God does confirm His word with various miracles, and gifts of the Holy Spirit.
But He does it all according to His own will , not on the command of man. Jesus said miraculous signs would follow those who believe Mark If there is no element of the miraculous, one may question whether there is true belief in Jesus or if the word of God is truly being preached.
The preacher must give God something to confirm. On the other hand, the Spirit brings such miracles and gifts according to His will. Either error is dangerous. For He has not put the world to come, of which we speak, in subjection to angels. But one testified in a certain place, saying:. You have made him a little lower than the angels; You have crowned him with glory and honor, And set him over the works of Your hands.
You have put all things in subjection under his feet. For in that He put all in subjection under him, He left nothing that is not put under him. He has not put the world to come…in subjection to angels : God never gave angels the kind of dominion man originally had over the earth Genesis Angels do not have dominion over this world or the world to come. What is man : The quotation from Psalm shows both the smallness of man in relation to the God of creation, and the dominion God gave to man, even though he is a little lower than the angels.
You have made him a little lower than the angels : In chapter one, the writer to the Hebrews brilliantly demonstrated from the Scriptures the deity of Jesus and His superiority over all angels. It is Biblically wrong to think of Jesus as merely God or merely man. It is wrong to think of Him as half God and half man or any other percentage split. Significantly, the first false teaching about Jesus in the days of the early church did not deny that He was God, but it denied that He was really human and said He only seemed to be human.
He left nothing that is not put under him : The writer emphasizes the point that God put all things not some things under subjection to human beings. This shows that Jesus must be human, because God gave this dominion to humans and Jesus exercises this authority. But now we do not yet see all things put under him. But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels, for the suffering of death crowned with glory and honor, that He, by the grace of God, might taste death for everyone.
But now we do not yet see all things put under him : By all appearance the promise of Psalm seems to be unfulfilled.
We do not see that all things are subjected to man. But we see Jesus : The promise is fulfilled in Jesus, who is Lord over all. Through Jesus, man can regain the dominion originally intended for Adam Revelation , and Matthew There are many things we will not understand until we see Jesus. Some wish they might truly see Jesus with their natural eye, instead of the eye of faith.
Faith is the eye of the soul. It is the act of looking unto Jesus. Think of how many who saw Jesus with the natural eye resisted Him, mocked Him, rejected Him. He is the focus, the center, the main aspect of our spiritual life. So, look unto Jesus with the eye of faith — as imperfect as your vision of faith may be, look unto Him who is perfect.
Who was made a little lower than the angels : This promise of dominion could only be fulfilled through the humility, suffering, and death of Jesus. The Son of God defeated the evil Adam brought into the world — which was death Romans God gave man dominion over the earth, but man forfeited his power not his right or authority to take that dominion through sin, and the principle of death took away the power to rule. Made a little lower than the angels, for the suffering of death : If God the Son did not add humanity to His deity, and in His humanity become a little lower than the angels , then He could never experience the suffering of death on our behalf.
Crowned with glory and honor, that He, by the grace of God, might taste death for everyone : This tells us that the suffering of death for Jesus was only a prelude to being crowned with glory and honor. It also tells us that His death was, in some way, for everyone. For it was fitting for Him, for whom are all things and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons to glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings. For both He who sanctifies and those who are being sanctified are all of one, for which reason He is not ashamed to call them brethren, saying:.
For it was fitting : It was more than necessary — it was fitting for the sovereign God — for whom are all things and by whom are all things to be made perfect through sufferings in the task of bringing many sons to glory. Conceivably, God could have engineered a way to save us that did not require the suffering of the Son of God. But it was fitting for Jesus to save us at the cost of His own agony. This is the ultimate illustration of the fact that real love, real giving, involves sacrifice.
The captain of their salvation : Jesus is the captain — the leader, the advance — of our salvation. This has wonderful implications:. Do you not think that, sometimes, we act as if we had no Captain?